Monday, September 22, 2008


News and Information from protected areas in India and South Asia
Vol. XIV No. 5
October 2008 (No. 75)


Citizen Science for Conservation


Area of Kolleru WLS to be reduced
Fears over impact of irrigation project on wildlife in Nagarjunsagar Srisailam TR

ARUNACHAL PRADESHConservation Initiative for high altitude wetlands in state

Flood parts of KNP; anti-erosion project on the cards
No expansion of NH-37 running through Kaziranga NP
Digital bank for Deepor Beel
Rhinos relocated from Pobitara to Manas ‘straying’ regularly
Gibbon Conservation Day observed in Jorhat
Workshop on Primate Census Techniques at Gibbon WLS

Wild animals from airport being relocated to Asola Bhatti WLS

Landslide blocks road in Molem WLS

Chharidhandh declared a conservation reserve

Elephant rehab and research centre to come up near Kalesar WLS

Wildlife training programme in Dachigam NP
Indian ‘cold desert’ to be on world biosphere reserve map
Rs. 2.90 crores for wildlife conservation from Mughal Road Project

DNA fingerprinting to help decide number of tigers in Palamau TR
State to adopt Karnataka model for tourism promotion in wildlife areas, PAs
No experts to radio-collar Dalma elephants
Rs Five Lakh Central support for Dalma Bachao Abhiyan

Permission granted for electricfication; erection of poles inside Nagarhole NP
Garbage dumping near Bannerghata NP
Flood waters threaten Ranganathittu

Spurt in animal deaths in Periyar TR; disease, pollution of river could be reasons

Land of the Karera Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary to be sold off
Diamond mining to restart inside Panna TR
Gaur spotted near Bandavgarh NP

Tiger attacks continue around Tadoba Andhari TR; six more killed since March 2008
Rs 35-lakh plan to end human-tiger conflict in Tadoba Andhari TR
Villagers from Pench, Tadoba Andhari and Melghat TRs denounce relocation moves

‘Caution’ signboards help save elephants in the Garo Hills Elephant Reserve

Crocodiles to protect Bhitarkanika

Good rainfall and Planning Commission bring good news for Keoladeo NP
Satellites tracking tigers introduced to Sariska

Panang hydel project opposed over fears of impact on people and Khanchendzonga NP

Rs. 37 cr. sought for Anaimalai Tiger Reserve

Special train to connect Delhi and Rajaji NP
Tigers migrating from Rajaji’s western section
Elephant overpass at Rajaji park
Officers shifted from Corbett NP
Increased tourism threat to Corbett TR

Pesticide use in tea estates suspected cause of elephant deaths in Mahananda WLS
Leopard killed by train dead in North Bengal

MigrantWatch enters 2nd year
Regulatory mechanism for wetlands
MoEF committee for Conservation and Community Reserves and Community Conserved Areas
Drugs firms warned against selling diclofenac
National peafowl count on the anvil
Workshop held on the ‘Himalayan Wetlands Initiative’

Foreigners threaten Afghan snow leopards

Lake 2008: Symposium on Conservation and Management of River and Lake Ecosystem
International Marine Conservation Congress

Narendra Babu Ecological Research Initiative Grant
Convenor – The Academy of Conservation Science and Sustainability Studies
WTI looking for Trainers for its Van Rakshak division



One of the biggest concerns about scientific research over the years has been its ‘inaccessibility to common people’ and often, the ivory tower disposition of the scientific community itself. Debates over the lack of accountability in scientific establishments and their general unwillingness to engage with the masses have been common. Admittedly, all scientific endeavours don’t lend themselves to easy explanations, but that does not mean that none do.
A good example of the latter is MigrantWatch, a citizen science programme for bird migration that has now entered its second year. Over 500 amateurs, serious researchers and weekend enthusiasts from across the length and breadth of the country are already part of the program that seeks to document, understand and analyse the phenomenon of bird migration to and from this country. Bird studies in fact easily lend themselves to initiatives of this kind, and such efforts have shown their worth in different countries around the world, particularly in the West. Even in India some of the most significant contributions towards understanding birds have come from the enthusiastic amateur. What is significant this time is that the program is well thought out and structured. That the organizers are now expanding its scope significantly is perhaps proof that it has been enthusiastically received so far. Rest assured, we could be getting some exciting results.
What is further promising is that MigrantWatch is not an isolated effort of its kind. There are a few more such endeavors, though perhaps more low key. One of them in Project PteroCount, a South Asian Bat Monitoring Project that seeks to form a wide network of volunteers to create a comprehensive database of the roosting sites of the Indian Flying Fox.
Another one that has yielded some noteworthy results is a little initiative tucked away in Meghalaya in the North Eastern corner of the country. This is a project of the Samrakshan Trust to involve local people in monitoring elephant movement in the South Garo Hills, which is part of the Garo Hills Elephant Reserve. It is considered to be one of the most significant elephant bearing areas in the country but little is known of elephant behaviour here. In a situation where the landscape is large, where human and financial resources are seriously limited, and the area extremely difficult to access, it makes perfect sense to involve the local community. The elephant monitoring project here has done just that. For about three years now, a network of local individuals situated in remote and dispersed villages has been trained to collect data on elephant presence and movement in a simple and structured manner. The data has just been put together and it has created for the first time a good overview picture of the elephants here; including aspects like herd size and the general direction and period of their movements. Additionally, the study has provided some important insights into other dimensions like crop raiding by the elephants. It is, perhaps the first crucial step in understanding and perhaps solving the escalating problem of human-elephant conflict, and for ensuring a better future for both, the local communities and the elephant.
These examples provide the proof that science need not be distant, that it can be made meaningful with and for people and it can still be just as exciting. Needless to say, the involvement of the local communities should not be restricted to only those situations where the going is tough or where getting data is difficult. We must recognize also that is this is only a start, a good one and hopefully we’ll be seeing a lot more of such citizen science initiatives for conservation in the days to come.


Protected Area Update
Vol. XIV, No. 5, October 2008 (No. 75)
Editor: Pankaj Sekhsaria
Editorial Assistance: Wrutuja Pardeshi
Illustrations: Madhuvanti Anantharajan
Produced by: Kalpavriksh
Ideas, comments, news and information may please be sent to the editorial address:
KALPAVRIKSH, Apartment 5, Shri Dutta Krupa, 908 Deccan Gymkhana, Pune 411004, Maharashtra, India. Tel/Fax: 020 – 25654239.
Production of PA Update 75 has been supported by Foundation for Ecological Security (FES), Anand.
For a full copy of the newsletter please write to me at

Friday, September 5, 2008

India Inc. stuck

India Inc. stuck

O big Tata
You lent your fire and our iron you took
The shades of Mahua trees you took

(Folk poetry from areas around Jamshedpur)

Ratan Tata, Chairman, Tata Group
Ratan Tata, Chairman, Tata Group
It’s not easy being Ratan Tata these days. In Singur in West Bengal, he has to contend with agitators who want him to return a part of the agricultural land allocated to his dream project, the Nano, back to the farmers. At the time of writing, threats by protestors to the workforce had resulted in a shutdown at the plant.

Commercial production of the much-touted Rs 1-lakh car was to start in October, but looks virtually impossible now. As Business Today went to press, the possibility of Tata Motors moving out of West Bengal lock, stock and Nano appeared very real.

Yet, Singur is just one troublespot for the highly-diversified Tata Group, which has a clutch of other companies in its stable that is hungering for growth. Just one of those companies is Tata Steel, which is seeking to put up a 6-million tonne, Rs 22,000-crore steel unit in Kalinganagar in Orissa. The company is also seeking to build a port in Dhamra on the Orissa coast. As if the Singur showdown wasn’t enough last fortnight, at the annual general meeting (AGM) of Tata Steel in Mumbai, the 70-year-old Chairman had to contend with belligerent activists who were also shareholders. The object of their ire isn’t too different from that of the Singur protestors—Tata is apparently using land that, well, it should not be using for industry.

Singur protest: Mamata Banerjee is demanding 400 acres of land be returned to the original owners. Tata Motors says it needs all the land
Singur protest: Mamata Banerjee is demanding 400 acres of land be returned to the original owners. Tata Motors says it needs all the land
Representatives of environmental activist group Greenpeace stormed into the AGM in the guise of shareholders of Tata Steel, got on to the podium and alleged that the proposed port at Dhamra will kill the migratory Olive Ridley turtles there.

Tata cajoled these Greenpeace members to agree to meet B. Muthuraman, Managing Director of the steel giant, on September 10. When one activist insisted that Tata himself should be talking to Greenpeace, the Chairman threatened to unleash the company’s lawyers on the group. By then, it was the turn of other shareholders to get into the act. A few of them were keen to know the status of the steel plant in Kalinganagar.

The Tatas have been facing violent protests in that region for the past two years. That’s when Tata summed up the huge predicament staring not just the Tatas in the face, but some of India’s biggest businessmen: “The issues at Singur and Kalinganagar are different. However, whether you want to build an industrial unit or mine for ore, you have to do it on agricultural land—and that is an issue we have to deal with.”

It’s an issue that’s keeping others awake at night too—others, like Mukesh Ambani who is struggling to make headway in acquiring land for two of his special economic zones (SEZs), one in Haryana and another on the outskirts of Mumbai, in Maharashtra; like L.N. Mittal, Chairman, ArcelorMittal, who is keen to put up steel units in Orissa and Jharkhand; like South Korean giant POSCO, whose steel project and SEZ are facing the same hurdles: of land acquisition.

The list is long, but as estimates by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) indicate, of the total investments of Rs 70 lakh crore planned in the country, projects worth a massive Rs 2.5 lakh crore are facing resistance in acquiring land. It’s an alarming situation—alarming enough for Mukesh Ambani, in late-August, to speak out on behalf of the Tatas.

And also on behalf of all other mega-projects that are stuck (including his own). “A fear psychosis is being created to slow down certain projects of national importance. This will be counterproductive for the country’s economic growth, its global image as well as our ability to attract investments from across the world. Indian industry and the political leadership in the country need to work together to deliver on the aspirations of the millions of Indians in urban and rural areas,” said Ambani.

Simmering in Singur

Orissa SEZ protest
Orissa SEZ protest
Clearly the current flashpoint is Singur, where protestors, mainly members of Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress (TMC), are showing little signs of backing down, as one of Business Today’s correspondents who visited the area observed. “See that is my land, I will not let this wall be completed.

Not for any sum of money,” declares Proshanto Singha, a local farmer, pointing a finger over the western wall of the Nano plant. Singha can’t do much since the project site is manned by a large police force, but warns ominously that he will support didi’s (Banerjee’s) agitation at the site.

Becharam Manna, a TMC supporter, is sitting at the block headquarters in Singur town and claims that Banerjee’s agitation will go on for as long as it takes. “If need be we will celebrate Durga Puja on the highway. We will not let the factory be built here.” The nub of the problem: Banerjee is demanding that 400 acres of the 997.11 acres allocated to the project be returned to its original owners.

Tata Motors, of course, says it needs all the land as one block not just for the main plant but for ancillary units, too. Cut to Orrisa. At least two big projects, of POSCO and Anil Agarwal’s Vedanta Resources, are stalled because of hurdles in land acquisition.

Vedanta’s Indian arm, Sterlite Industries, wants to mine bauxite reserves in the Niyamgiri hills in the Kalahandi district of Orissa. The metals giant has already built an alumina refinery at the foothills, and has got the go-ahead from the Supreme Court to mine on the hills. The problem?

K.M. Birla, Chairman, Aditya Birla Group
K.M. Birla, Chairman, Aditya Birla Group
The Niyamgiri hills are the abode of Dongria Kondh, an indigenous tribal community. Although Sterlite claims that the site where it proposes to mine has nobody residing within 15 km, the Dongrias aren’t convinced. For them, the mine will desecrate the abode of their god Niyam Raja and, more alarming, threatens to destroy their way of life by destroying the streams. The commercial benefits of the mine have cut no ice with the Dongrias; their leader, Kumuti Majhi, has even gone to London to explain to Vedanta shareholders how digging up Niyamgiri is akin to digging up the St Paul’s Cathedral there. Global activist groups like ActionAid, Survival and Amnesty International have joined him in his cause.

Pramod Suri, Head of Aluminium Business at Vedanta, reiterates what Chairman Agarwal told shareholders in London in July. “Without taking the people into confidence we cannot mine the area. We have to explain how we will improve their life.” Suri says Vedanta is already working on bringing electricity to 20 villages in the region and working on a project to eradicate malaria. “The Supreme Court took three years to deliver its judgement on the issue after looking at every aspect of protecting the environment. The kind of mining that we will do has been done by Nalco for 25 years. We will not start mining at 20 spots at the same time; and as soon as we vacate an area we will reforest it.”

Mukesh Ambani, Chairman, Reliance Industries
Mukesh Ambani, Chairman, Reliance Industries
The Dongrias aren’t the only people who are trying to preserve their way of life in the face of what seems to be good economics—these projects, if they do come on stream, will generate industrial growth and employment.

Still, in Orissa, Korean steel major POSCO is also up against a confrontational local populace. The development of its proposed 12 million tonnes per annum steel plant near Paradeep Port will need all of 4,004 acres. As Vishal Dev, Chairman, Industrial Development Corporation of Orissa (IDCO), points out: “Only 436 acres (of that land) is privately-held; the rest is government land, and now the Supreme Court has even given the project environmental clearance.”

But that hasn’t quelled the protests. The anti-POSCO movement has spread across villages. Abhay Sahu, Chairman of the POSCO Pratirodh Sangram Samiti (PPSS), says the village of Dhinkia will lose a third of its area to the proposed plant. The erudite Sahu contends that he is not against industrialisation.

“But this is fertile land, and the betel-vine (paan) that are grown here provide a ready source of money and employment. While the vines grow on government land, they have been here for centuries. There are 3,000 vines in the village area, and each vine provides Rs 1 lakh of income every year.” Then, there’s Tamil Pradhan of Nuagaon, another village affected by the POSCO project.

Pradhan is a leader of the United Action Committee (UAC) formed by the villagers to support the plant and to bargain for an R&R package. He explains that the villagers were against the project initially. “But now, we are already seeing some benefits. Land prices are rising, and people are making plans based on the plant. It will be a disaster if the plant does not come here, but at the same time the compensation must be good.” The current status, however, isn’t encouraging for POSCO. Construction, which was supposed to start earlier this year, is nowhere near beginning.

“We haven’t been given possession of any land as yet,” says S.K. Mahapatra, General Manager, Human Resources & Public Relations, POSCO-India. “We will only start acquiring land once our R&R package is cleared by the government.”

Another promoter who has a lot riding on a sound R&R package, and policy—some Rs 70,000 crore on two SEZs—is Mukesh Ambani. He is is building the twin SEZs named Navi Mumbai SEZ and Mumbai SEZ covering almost 25,000 acres of land. The Mumbai SEZ, in Raigad district on the outskirts of Mumbai, is being built by privately-owned companies and Anand Jain’s Jai Corp. To ensure contiguity in the Mumbai SEZ, the Maharashtra government notified the acquisition of 20,285 acres of land in 45 villages of Pen, Panvel and Uran Talukas in Raigad District. Of this, about 5,000 acres have already been bought by the company on a “willing-buyer willing-seller” basis, but resistance from farmers has made the going tough. “It’s a challenge,” is how Jain, Chairman, Jai Corp, which has a 10 per cent stake in the project, put it to BT recently. “We are not moving any of the 45 villages in the SEZ and these people will be the first to benefit,” he adds.

Anil Agarwal, Executive Chairman, Sterlite Industries
Anil Agarwal, Executive Chairman, Sterlite Industries
In Gurgaon, Ambani has come under fire for giving farmers inadequate compensation. Led by erstwhile Congress leader Kuldeep Bishnoi, the protests have seen regular blockades, including a crippling obstruction of the Gurgaon Expressway in June. According to observers, Reliance has been offering Rs 22 lakh per acre for the Haryana SEZ. However, negotiations are on as farmers are now asking for Rs 1 crore per acre, which may be close to the prevailing market price. But what may help Reliance in Haryana is the state government’s innovative R&R policy.

A big worry for industrialists is that once a project is delayed, it can stay stuck for a decade and more. Utkal Alumina, a project that started off as a joint venture of Indian Aluminium, Canadian Alcan and Norwegian company Norsk Hydro, has made no headway in Orissa for almost 12 years.

Reason: hostile land owners. Last year, the Aditya Birla Group took over total ownership of the joint venture. Says a spokesperson of the Aditya Birla group: “There were problems related to land before we took over the project. Now, there is little problem.” Brave words those, but reports suggest that Chairman Kumar Mangalam Birla met the Chief Minister of Orissa, Naveen Patnaik in July, to discuss the R&R issue.\

There are no easy answers to these high-stake stalemates. Whilst landowners would seem within their rights to preserve their way of life, industry inevitably will have to trample on agricultural land in its quest for growth. Somewhere between these two extremes there has to exist a middle path. Compensating landowners in true free market style may be one answer. Outlining a clear R&R policy is an imperative for the government.

Eliminating speculative middlemen from the process of land acquisition is another. And corporations need to spend some thought on winning the confidence and support of the local populace before venturing blindly like pillaging land-grabbers. In the next few pages, Business Today attempts to analyse the lacunae in policy measures, and also delves into some of the successful cases of land acquisition by promoters.

Additional reporting by N. Madhavan

Wednesday, September 3, 2008

Weaving stories & The Indigo Story

Two sets of post cards on the cotton handloom weaving process.

I've now produced two sets of picture post cards related to the cotton handloom industry:
a) Weaving stories is a set of 6 cards that looks at some basic steps in the handloom weaving process
b) The Indigo story is also a set of 6 cards that journeys through the process of making and using natural indigo in cotton handlooms.

The pictures that make up the sets can be seen here.


Spinning, Ponduru. 2007

Yarn dyed in Ratanjyot, Hyderabad. 2006

Cotton yarn dyed in natural colours, Hyderabad. 2006

Block printing and indigo dyeing, Bagru, Rajasthan. 2008

Three shuttle weaving, Ponduru. 2007

Jamdani, Ponduru. 2007